v He was born April 23, 1564
v His father was a glover (leather
v He uses many references in
his writing, to nature- compared man’s struggle with animals
v He made many references to
the Avon River
v Went to school from 6am to
5pm in the summer and from 7am to 5pm in the winter. He studied only 3 subjects- Latin, Greek, and religion.
v Hornbook: a piece of wood,
that looked like a cutting board. It had a piece of paper with the lesson on it. To protect any writing on this paper a thin
sheet of animal horn was placed atop the paper.
v All English families had
to go to church, attendance was taken.
v At 18 he married a 26 year
old woman named Anne Hathaway. They had 2 children. Lived in Hathaway. No direct decedents because none of his grandchildren
v 1588- England defeats Spain
and rules the world. There is a strong feeling of nationalism. This led him to write history plays.
v He acted before he wrote.
He had to learn to project his voice, sing, dance, and fight. (Small acting groups so you had to be able to play several characters.)
v The Earl of Southampton was
Shakespeare’s patron (paid Shakespeare to write).
v Globe theatre was where Shakespeare
first acted, where his plays were first performed, he became part owner in it
v Other writers disliked him
because he would rather stay home and write then hang out in the taverns
v Shakespeare was so popular
that publishers stole work from other authors and put Shakespeare’s name on them so they could make more money (Corrupted
v He was a good businessman
v He was buried inside the
v He put a curse on his tomb
so that whoever tried to investigate his death would die a sudden death
1. Wrote 34
plays and 154 sonnets (full length 5 act plays)
3 Types of
2. Long story
poems. When the plague hit England, the
theatres were closed. This is why he wrote this type of poem.
3. Wrote 154
sonnets that he dedicated to the “dark lady.” He also wrote for the Earl of Southampton.
4. Holinshed’s Chronicles: a history book used by Shakespeare, he took many ideas from this book.
5. First play
he ever wrote was Henry VI
were written as personal feelings for someone special. Shakespeare’s were stolen and published.
7. His writing
used many adjectives
b. Many nature
and bible references
repeated things (words, letters, or sounds)
d. He used
onomatopoeia (words that sound like what they mean)
8. Wrote patriotic
speeches (in plays)
Terms to Know:
dispute/ fight between two families
of forces (problem)
the problem causer
the problem solver
a personality defect that leads to a characters downfall or death
any work in which a characters tragic flaw leads to his death
a situation in which the reader knows something the character does not
speech by an actor alone on stage to tell us his thoughts
they never had a chance, the fates were against them
person who comes out on stage and introduces the play
A. Several thousand
open (no roof)
1. Honor Gods/
explain, teach religion
2. Teach history
3. Social time
D. Little Scenery,
few props, few costumes, wore masks (symbols of drama- smiling mask (comedy), frowning mask (tragedy)).
II. Medieval Period:
~ At this time the church was the government. Mainly
Roman Catholic. The church was strict and powerful.
A. Church dislike
1. Too busy
too may Gods (Pagans)
3. People enjoyed
plays too much
B. Church used plays
to teach Bible stories (“Miracle Plays”)
C. People enjoyed
seeing these plays & that was not ok (you were not allowed to enjoy yourself back then). Morality Plays: designed to teach a lesson. Characters names were good, bad, love, hate, etc. The names were traits.
Sometimes very violent with lots of blood.
D. Late 1400’s-
beginning of regular drama (plays as we know them today). Non-church related dramas, more for entertainment.
III. Renaissance: means
a rebirth of interest in science, exploration, education, arts, religious freedom, and architecture.
IV. Elizabethan Era: named after
A. Theater: 8 sided, 8 feet high, wood seats
2. No curtain
3. Little scenery
those who stood or sat on the ground around the stage
seats, for knights, shop owners, and tradesmen
young men who dressed in their finest clothes to impress the young ladies. (To be seen-not to see the play). They sat on the
edges of the stage.
C. No actresses- men played all the roles
D. Shakespeare: Reasons he is still read today
1. A good story
teller, he knew how to write so that average people could understand. He wrote something for everyone. He was not insulting
to people. He kept things balanced so everyone could understand.
2. He had a
new and fresh way with words. Invented new words for our language (ie. Foul play)
3. The single
most important reason is the fact of universal themes. The basic story is something that could have happened in any time period.
2. Big Beautiful
Tudor houses (made of wood, damp & cold)
3. Wood furniture,
not much carpet, straw mattresses (not comfortable)
one central room: heated by two fireplaces
torches, whale oil lamp
6. Lots of
food (red meat)
8. Crime was
common, robbery, fights were settled by duels
9. Most common
book was the Bible and Shakespeare quoted it often, and referred to Bible stories
10. They loved new words, and Shakespeare
brought new words into his writing
11. Sonnet: a poem with 14 lines with 10 syllables, it expressed emotions (14 lines, 10 syllables per line). It had
to have a certain rhyme scheme (not easy to do). Shakespeare wrote 154 of them.
12. He wrote when Elizabeth was queen
13. Stage had 3 levels and a trap door.
The top level would be for musicians.
14. Like violence